Which World War 2 Figure Signed The Munich Agreement

This document will examine the 1938 Munich Agreement between Hitler`s Germany and Great Britain and France, which ceded to Germany the German-speaking region of Czechoslovakia (the Sudetenland). It would appear that the Allies discovered exhaustingly that Nazi Germany did not pose a threat and that surrender could appease their demands. Winston Churchill states that “the Prime Minister (Chamberlain) and Lord Runciman (British diplomat) were convinced that only the surrender of the Sudetenland to Germany would prevent Hitler from ordering the invasion of Czechoslovakia. (Churchill 1948, 300-01) This diplomatic strategy became known as appeasement – a political or material concession to an enemy to avoid conflict. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, as you know, said that he had achieved “peace in our time”, but this glory proved to be severely imprecise when Hitler invaded Poland the following year. The agreement was seen as one of the most catastrophic agreements in the history of diplomacy and a missed opportunity to stop German aggression before the start of World War II. At the heart of this document will be the Allied threat analysis that led to this disastrous decision. Although subsequent events largely followed Hitler`s scenario, this thesis is not entirely true. Hossbach`s memorandum documents the Fuhrer`s predictions that an “Anglo-French-Italian war” would be in 1938 and that “Russian military intervention” (in the event of German aggression) would be a “more than doubtful” factor “given Japan`s attitude”.

All of this speculation proved to be unfounded. At the same time, some subsequent events exceeded his expectations: Austria was not annexed by its military “reversal”, which was to coincide with the invasion of Czechoslovakia, but earlier and in another way – by a “connection” to the “fifth column”. The same method was adopted against Czechoslovakia. In May 1938, it was known that Hitler and his generals were drawing up a plan for the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovakians needed military help from France, with which they had an alliance.